Industrial hygiene is all related to the environmental factors and the cleaning and controlling of those elements which might in any way cause harm to the living life and nature. If the factors are not taken well care off, they might lead to sickness and spoiled health factors eventually leading to various diseases. The industrial hygiene must be implemented for the well being of the society and the community so that everyone stays safe in the residential areas and surroundings.
All the analytical models are implied by using the tools of environmental science and health which are used to monitor the processes occurring around. This has been a very old practice as it was tracked down earlier and its idea was presented in 4th century BC. The concept was exposed and worked on how the environmental and industrial hygiene is affecting the health workers and why is it necessary to work on it.
The first book on industrial hygiene was published in 1700 by Bernardo Ramazzini, and it was a very detailed and comprehensive concept of him after which the industrial hygiene’s issue started to lift within the society. Some elements and waste gases like carbon monoxide, lead, mercury and nitric acid are toxic for a human life due to which the after-effects of industrial waste products can be immense and might lead to health issues and life-threatening concerns.
The US health federation has kept this issue under eyes and has been working a lot to resolve the issue related to industrial hygiene to its maximum. Public awareness campaigns were held to spread the word and the consciousness about industrial hygiene amongst everyone in town.
There are many possible hazards that might lead to an employee’s long-term illness. It has been recognized for a lot of work and study that there can be many controls and preventive ways to stop these toxins affecting a human life.
The very first and primary method can be termed as engineering controls which can be said that it minimizes the exposure of the health worker by isolating or taking the employee far from the source which is likely to produce any sort of health hazard and can be dangerous. There are many ways an engineering control can work. One of them can help of substituting the toxic materials with the nontoxic ones and eventually installing new systems; they can be local or general ventilation systems.
The secondary way can be called as work practice controls. They are used to change or edit down the process through which a task is being performed. There are certain very common work practices , and they include the amendment of the existing practices that lead to the minimum exposure of the health worker to the production equipment. This eventually cuts down the hazard of the person who is likely to get affected.
The tools and machinery should be watched down and sterilized on a regular basis just to maintain the processes and other controls. This can also sum up some good housekeeping procedures and practices for the long and safer runs.
The tertiary method which is as effective as the methods mentioned above is the administrative controls. They include the tasks to order in a way which eventually reduces the health worker’s access and exposure to the machinery and other regular operations. Just to conclude, it is advised to use the protective equipment which includes safety helmets, gloves and other relevant wear on and accessories to reduce the exposure.